An example of an implicature. One explanation for the blocking of the inference of Addressee(2) is there is a known convention for letter writing: Write only good things. Learn more about implicatures in Lectures 1-8 in lecture notes. (Image courtesy of MIT OCW, Prof. Fox, and Prof. Menendez-Benito.)
The course introduces formal theories of context-dependency, presupposition, implicature, context-change, focus and topic. Special emphasis is on the division of labor between semantics and pragmatics. It also covers applications to the analysis of quantification, definiteness, presupposition projection, conditionals and modality, anaphora, questions and answers.
For any use or distribution of these materials, please cite as follows:
Daniel Fox and Paula Menéndez-Benito, course materials for 24.954 Pragmatics in Linguistic Theory, Fall 2006. MIT OpenCourseWare (http://ocw.mit.edu/), Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Downloaded on [DD Month YYYY].