6.034, equivalent course, or equivalent experience.


There are substantial readings from original literature that go with each lecture. A series of short reading summary assignments will accompany the readings in order to help students focus on the important issues and to give credit for doing the reading.


Students are expected to have done the reading and to participate in class discussion.

Assignments and Grading

The main components of the course are the Term Project, Project Reports, Problem Sets, and Reading Summaries. For details, please see the calendar. Grades in the course will be determined by the term project (including your paper describing the project and your presentation of it), by your participation in class, and by performance on homework assignments (project reports, problem sets, reading summaries).